The first character merchandise
The arrival of talking pictures to British cinemas in the late 1920s opened up a wealth of new possibilities for F. W. Woolworth. There were magazines and "fan-zines" about the movies and the stars. These were the Thirties equivalents of popular modern publications like Hello. The selection included exclusive titles that were only available at Woolworth's.
Having an American parent company proved very helpful when it came to developing good quality movie journals. The New Movie , a Woolworth exclusive, was edited in Hollywood and printed in London and New York. The release schedule often meant films were shown a few month's later in Britain, giving Woolies the chance to get ahead of the game !
Scottish and Irish staff were surprised at the excellent sales of the American glossies in their stores. Some of the wild west magazines were offered several months after they were originally published in the USA, at the highly competive price of threepence. This was the equivalent of 1¼p at the time, or around £1 today.
A cartoonist in The New Bond , the Woolworth Staff Journal, observed that many men went and browsed while their wives shopped the store. Although the titles had changed, the same thing still happened in the early twenty-first century.
The firm's publicity team made great play of telegrams from the stars demanding that Woolworth stores carried more copies of the movie magazines to save them running out. One example of this was a cable from Al Jolson which was received on 20 Jan 1930. He complained that the Hollywood Stoe had already run out of The New Movie when he called to buy one. He demanded "Please print more" !
The Woolworth buyers were quick to recognise the potential of character products linked to the movies. Mickey Mouse was created by the legendary cartoonist Walt Disney in 1928. By 1929 the character appeared on bendy toys. The next year the motif also appeared on sweet wrappers, before the High Street chain added a selection of jigsaw puzzles in 1931.
It quickly became clear that shoppers liked the idea of buying goods that featured the animated characters that they had seen on the silver screen. Woolworth went a stage further in 1935, as they and their partners, the Crystallate Gramophone Record Company bought the right to sell an unlimited number of copies of a Mickey Mouse gramophone record on the Crown label. This was called Mickey's Son and Daughter and proved a big hit in-store. The song is featured in our interactive exhibit here.
The Mickey Mouse logo is the property of the Walt Disney Company. © Copyright Disney.
The sheet music of the time included popular numbers from the silver screen. Many families had pianos at home and would have a sing-along after visiting the cinema, with mum or dad strumming out the tune and the kids joining in with the lyrics. Throughout the 1930s Woolworth's buyers made sure that the stores had plentiful supplies before each new movie screened. The stores also carried a selection of 'classics and standards'. If stock of a particular sixpenny song ran out, the chain promised to accept an order and to send a copy of the music in the post at no additional cost.
Of all the characters in the movies in the 1930s, none inspired Woolworth staff quite like Snow White. Special window displays were created up and down the country. In many of the larger branches a salesgirl became Snow White for the day, and told shoppers that her Manager would also be appearing shortly .... as Grumpy !
The seven dwarves featured as a sixpenny jigsaw with a difference. Like many Thirties puzzles, it consisted of cubic blocks with a picture on each face. The innnovation gave six puzzles for the price of one. Each branch was sent five gross (5 cases of 144) of these puzzles, with the option to order more. Even though half a million were sold before World War II, those that survive remain highly prized collectables to this day.
In 1937 F.W. Woolworth commissioned Wade to make a china figurine of Dopey. The design was licenced from the Walt Disney Company. Executives planned to issue one figure each year from 1938 to 1945, allowing loyal shoppers to build up a full set of dwarves for sixpence each. The price was heavily subsidised, and was intended to support a company maxim 'where sixpence works wonders'. Sadly by the time the next in the series was due, Britain was at war with Germany and the factory was busy making plates for the armed services. Dopey remains a rare and much-loved collectable today.
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